New Survey from Momentive and AAPI Data Offers Important Fixes on Hate in America
Data Reveals Hate Crimes Broadly Affecting Asian, Black, and Other of Color Communities; Asian American men also report significant hate incidents
SAN MATEO, Calif. and RIVERSIDE, Calif., March 16, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — A year ago, on March 16, 2021, a white sniper entered three Atlanta-area spas and killed eight people, including six Asians. American women, a white woman, a white man, and an injured Hispanic man. The Atlanta murders built on a backdrop of increased violence and hate incidents targeting Asian Americans, with results from our survey last year indicating that about one in six Asian American adults had suffered hate incidents since the start of the pandemic.
New data on the anniversary of the Atlanta spa shootings reveals that hate crimes against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) remain a serious problem. With 16% of Asian American adults and 14% of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander adults reporting a hate incident since the start of 2021, these proportions suggest that nearly 3 million AAPI adults have experienced a hate incident. in just over a year.
Data from the 2022 survey reveals that Asian Americans aren’t the only ones with experiences of hateful violence. Critically, all non-white groups report experiencing hate crimes or incidents between January 2021 and early March 2022 – from 17% among black adults to 16% among Asian Americans, 15 % among Native Americans, 14% among Native Hawaiians. and Pacific Islanders, and 13% among Latinos. Only 6% of white adults report having experienced a hate incident during the same time period.
As we reflect on the anniversary of the 2021 shootings of 6 Asian women in Atlanta, it is also impossible to ignore the role of gender in how we understand hate crimes and hate incidents. Results from the Momentive/AAPI Data 2022 survey show that Asian American women and men experience hate crimes and incidents at similar levels: 28% and 30%, respectively, report having experienced hate incidents and 16%, or about one in six in each group, say they have experienced hate incidents since the start of 2021.
This trend, consistent over the past two years, is different from data from community reporting websites showing twice as many incidents involving Asian American women as men. This suggests that Asian American women are more likely than Asian American men to file incident reports with community organizations. More generally, self-reported incident accounts fail to capture the full scale of anti-Asian hate incidents – so, for example, the organization Stop AAPI Hate recorded around 11,000 hate incidents involving AAPIs in December 2021, well below the estimated 3 million incidents based on our survey results.
Key findings on the experiences of Asian Americans and Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders with hate crimes and discrimination are as follows:
All racial groups were victims of a hate crime or incident in early 2022 at similar rates to each other (10% of Black adults, followed by 9% of multiracial adults, 8% of Islanders Pacific Rim, 8% of Asian Americans, 8% of Native Americans, 7% of Latinos, and 4% of white adults report being the victim of a hate crime or incident this year).
These numbers could increase in 2022 as the US economy reopens. In our March 2021 survey, 10% of AAPIs said they had been the victim of a hate crime or incident since the start of the year. Our March 2022 survey shows that 15% of AAPI adults reported the same in calendar year 2021.
Similar to previous surveys, Black people are the most likely to have ever been the victim of a hate crime or incident (35%). Nearly 30% of Asians and Native Americans report having been victims of a hate crime or incident.
Nearly half (48%) of the general public believe hate crimes against AAPI individuals have increased from the previous year, which is higher than what the general public thinks for the black community (29%) or Latin (20%).
AAPI women and men experience similar rates of hate crimes, but express different concerns
AAPI women and men report hate crime experiences at similar rates over the past two years. For example, since the start of 2022 (16%) of AAPI women and men report having been the victim of a hate crime or incident.
AAPI women are less confident that justice will be done (54%) if they report a hate crime compared to AAPI men (62%). Additionally, AAPI women are more concerned about future hate crimes (85%) than AAPI men (80%).
The survey also provides information on a range of experiences of racial discrimination and racial identity among AAPI and other groups.
More than a third (34%) of Blacks, 28% of Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, 23% of Asian Americans, 18% of Latinos and 16% of Native Americans/Indians say their race is a very relevant aspect their background when it comes to how they are treated at work.
Two-thirds (63%) of AAPI adults identify as a person of color (compared to 87% of Blacks, 48% of Latinos, 49% of Native Americans or Native Americans, 6% of Whites).
AAPIs who self-identify as a person of color are more aware of the increase in hate crimes against their community (58% vs. 39%).
AAPIs are among the most likely to say race is a relevant aspect of their workplace identity (vs. 58% Black, 57% AAPI, 41% Latino, 39% Native American, 20% White).
“We are grateful for the partnership with Momentive management,” said Karthick Ramakrishnan, Founder of AAPI Data. “These data are critical to informing our understanding of hate crimes, racial bias, and racial discrimination in the United States,” he added.
“These trends help add critical context and data to how hate crimes and more everyday experiences of racial discrimination affect all non-white groups nationwide,” said Janelle Wong, co-director of AAPI Data.
“These data provide new and essential context on the lingering impact of the tragic events of the past year,” says Jon Cohen, director of research at Momentive. “Gaining new insight into the incidences of hate crimes as well as day-to-day reports of discrimination sheds light on how AAPI individuals think and express their identity.”
The results of the AAPI Data/Momentive 2022 survey are available in the blog sections of each organization’s website: https://aapidata.com/blog/ and https://www.surveymonkey.com/curiosity/aapi-data-2022/.
Methodology: This Momentive survey was conducted online March 2-9, 2022 with a total sample of 16,901 adults ages 18 and older, including 1,991 Asian or Asian Americans and 186 Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders living in the United States. Respondents to these surveys were selected from more than two million people who complete surveys on the SurveyMonkey platform every day. SurveyMonkey used a third-party panel provider to obtain an additional sample with quotas for Asian or Asian American and Hawaiian or Pacific Islander respondents. The modeled error estimate for the full sample is plus or minus 1.0 percentage point and for the following subgroups: Asians +/- 3.0 percentage points, Blacks +/- 3.0 percentage points, Hispanic +/- 3.5 percentage points, White +/- 1.5 percentage points, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander +/- 8.0 percentage points. Data was weighted by age, race, gender, education, citizenship status and geography using the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey to reflect the composition demographic of the United States aged 18 and over. An additional smoothing parameter for identifying political parties based on SurveyMonkey research survey aggregates is included.
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CONTACT: Media Contacts: Ryan Vinh [email protected] Momentive PR [email protected]