The desire to protect 30% of the ocean by 2030
This year, the 196 parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will meet to agree to an ambitious new plan save life on Earth by 2050. If all goes according to plan, the plan will be adopted at the 15th CBD Conference of the Parties in Kunming, China; The precise time when this meeting will take place is uncertain due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
These global talks are a crucial opportunity for world leaders to advance policies aimed at halting the decline of biodiversity on our planet and ensuring the long-term sustainability of the terrestrial ecosystems on which human life depends. The plan would establish a “post-2020 biodiversity framework“ for the conservation and restoration of nature which incorporates many goals included in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement, setting new milestones and targets for nature conservation until 2030 and beyond.
In preparation for this important conservation milestone, many scientists, indigenous peoples and community champions, non-governmental organizations and government leaders have called for the need to protect at least 30% of the ocean by 2030, a target that many scientists say that humanity must achieve to secure the long term health of our planet.
The call for 30% marine protection is part of obtaining a healthy ocean, where marine parks improve fisheries and sound fisheries management improves biodiversity conservation. In 2016, at the World Conservation Congress of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), IUCN members from 170 countries adopted Resolution 50, which supported the objective of 30% protection of the oceans by 2030.
Since then, 21 more countries have publicly pledged to the goal, while more than 50 countries have called for protecting 30% of the planet, both land and sea, and heads of state from 82 countries and the United States. European Union signed on Leaders are committed to nature, which details 10 urgent actions, including a sharp increase in ocean protection by 2030.
Effective marine conservation can help people and nature, by preserving critical marine habitat where species can thrive, and significantly boost the global economy, for example by promoting healthy and sustainable fisheries. Pew works with partners to ensure that the international community builds on this momentum and support to establish and maintain protections to conserve biodiversity in the most important ocean environments.